LA CUESTIÓN SOCIAL EN CHILE (1880-1920)

Es indudable que la pobreza y las desigualdades sociales no surgieron en el país en la década de 1880, como tampoco han desaparecido en la moderna realidad del Chile actual. No obstante, ya desde finales de siglo XIX muchos elementos se conjugaron para transformar los problemas sociales en una cuestión social, como son, un contexto económico capitalista plenamente consolidado, marcado por una incipiente industrialización y un proceso de urbanización descontrolado que agravaron las malas condiciones de vida del trabajador urbano; una clase dirigente ciega e ineficiente ante los problemas y quejas del mundo popular; y, finalmente, una clase trabajadora que ya no estuvo dispuesta a quedarse de brazos cruzados esperando que el Estado oligárquico llegara a ofrecer alguna solución a sus problemas.

cuestion social2.jpg

Fue a lo largo de estos años que se pusieron en marcha una serie de movimientos sociales que transformaron la cuestión social en un problema que afectó no sólo a los trabajadores sino a todo el país. Desde entonces, surgieron a la luz pública una serie de innumerables escritos, ensayos, artículos de prensa y tesis de grado que comenzaron a analizar sus causas y motivos, además de las posibles alternativas de solución. Esta amplia gama de debates políticos e ideológicos pueden resumirse en tres grandes corrientes.

La primera corriente se originó al interior del mundo conservador-católico, que a partir de la Encíclica Rerum Novarum adhirió a la línea social cristiana impulsada por la iglesia católica. A grandes rasgos, vio la cuestión social como resultante de una crisis moral que desvirtuó el rol dirigente y protector de la elite criolla. El énfasis estuvo puesto en la responsabilidad que le correspondió a los ricos en el cuidado y bienestar tanto material como espiritual de los más pobres, a través de la educación, la beneficencia, el socorro y la justicia. En síntesis, más acción social y menos caridad.

cuestion social1.jpg

En segundo lugar, existió una corriente liberal y laica vinculada al Partido Radical y donde también se incluyeron intelectuales independientes de clase media. Para ambos sectores, la cuestión social fue el resultado de un conflicto de clases, un problema estructural de la sociedad nacional, afectada por la falta de desarrollo económico, la explotación laboral, la inflación y la carencia de ayuda estatal hacia los más pobres. Por consiguiente, los dardos apuntaron al Estado y a la necesidad de regular el sistema de libre mercado que rigió en el país, a través de una adecuada legislación social que promoviera y asegurara el progreso y adelanto material de todos los sectores.

Una tercera tendencia, fue la corriente socialista, impulsada por sectores pertenecientes a la clase trabajadora. Para este sector, los problemas sociales fueron consecuencia de la propia existencia del Estado liberal y del sistema capitalista; y declararon que su solución no pasó por la acción caritativa de la clase dirigente ni por las medidas de corte proteccionista que reclamaron algunos liberales, sino que radicó en la acción y el poder autónomo de los propios trabajadores.cuestion social.jpg

A pesar de sus diferencias, cada una de estas tres corrientes coincidió en la urgente necesidad de otorgar pronta solución a los problemas derivados de la cuestión social, que hacia el año 1920 se convirtió en una preocupante cuestión política, traspasando las fronteras de la opinión pública e insertándose de lleno en los planes del Gobierno y del Congreso Nacional.

Fuente: Memoria chilena
|

Comentarios

I am curious to find out what blog system you are using? I'm having some minor security problems with my latest blog and I'd like to find something more safeguarded. Do you have any solutions?
Responder
I read this piece of writing fully concerning the difference of most up-to-date and preceding technologies, it's amazing article.
Responder
Why viewers still use to read news papers when in this technological globe everything is presented on net?
Responder
It's a pity you don't have a donate button! I'd most certainly donate to this brilliant blog! I suppose for now i'll settle for book-marking and adding your RSS feed to my Google account. I look forward to new updates and will talk about this blog with my Facebook group. Chat soon!
Responder
Can you tell us more about this? I'd love to find out some additional information.
Responder
If you run exterior make sure you change up your working floor to work all of your muscle tissues and forestall accidents.
Responder
I think everything published made a lot of sense. But, think on this, suppose you were to create a killer headline? I am not suggesting your information isn't solid., however suppose you added a title that makes people desire more? I mean LA CUESTIN SOCIAL EN CHILE (1880-1920) is kinda boring. You could glance at Yahoo's front page and see how they create article headlines to get people to click. You might add a related video or a related picture or two to get readers excited about everything've written. Just my opinion, it would bring your website a little livelier.
Responder
It is kitting out more of Europe's prime clubs, akin to Barcelona and Paris St Germain, for the 2014/15 season, although Adidas is ousting Nike at Manchester United (MANU.N) and Italian champions Juventus from subsequent year.
Responder
I'm really enjoying the theme/design of your website. Do you ever run into any web browser compatibility problems? A handful of my blog readers have complained about my website not operating correctly in Explorer but looks great in Firefox. Do you have any ideas to help fix this problem?
Responder
I_m not that much of a online reader to be honest but your sites really nice, keep it up! I'll go ahead and bookmark your website to come back later. Cheers
Responder
I blog frequently and I seriously thank you for your content. This great article has truly peaked my interest. I am going to take a note of your blog and keep checking for new details about once a week. I opted in for your RSS feed too.
Responder
Howdy very cool blog!! Guy .. Excellent .. Superb .. I'll bookmark your site and take the feeds additionally? I'm satisfied to find a lot of useful info here in the post, we'd like develop extra strategies in this regard, thank you for sharing. . . . . .
Responder
I blog quite often and I really appreciate your information. This great article has truly peaked my interest. I will book mark your website and keep checking for new details about once per week. I opted in for your Feed too.
Responder
Good day! This post could not be written any better! Reading through this post reminds me of my old room mate! He always kept talking about this. I will forward this article to him. Pretty sure he will have a good read. Thanks for sharing!
Responder
vidente laura de sevilla tarot gratis vidente tara vidente de verdad en madrid videncia natural de nacimiento vidente en linea gratis enriqueta vidente malaga sofia vidente vit channel bidente y vidente definicion consulta videncia gratis ahora directo vidente amor videncia fiable gratis vidente ana maria ribeirao preto vidente cristina blanco mhoni vidente recetas para encontrar el amor tarotista vidente gratis la mejor vidente de gijon videncia tarot gratis uruguay la mejor vidente de murcia que significa ser una persona vidente luz maria vidente mariana consulta con mhoni vidente gratis tirada cartas videncia vidente tarotista en barcelona tarot y videncia economica tarot y videncia gratis 2014 un buen vidente en mexico elena vidente horoscopo mhoni vidente champions league 2017 videncia de amor gratis on line mhoni vidente de buenas tv videncia gratis por correo consulta tarot videncia carmen vidente valencia vidente sor lucia dos santos videncias gratis mhoni vidente sin cartas ivan vidente de medjugorje 2015 vidente natural sin preguntas vidente muy buena en valencia que significa evidente yahoo sofia vidente vit channel mhoni vidente capricornio amor maria vidente puerta del sol videncia de amor ivan vidente de medjugorje siria el vidente filmaffinity vidente natural economico tarot videncia medium gratis tarot y videncia gratis del amor buena vidente por telefono
Responder
The initial line of design was meant to be worn beneath the jerseys and was utilized by soccer, baseball and basketball gamers.
Responder

Hello!

Responder

Hello!

Responder

Hello!

Responder

Hello!

Responder

Hello!

Responder
By contrast, rival Nike's (NKE.N) second quarter income progress and its forecast for future orders missed analysts' estimates, underscoring the sportswear maker's battle to fend off competitors from Adidas and others, particularly in its dwelling turf of North America.
Responder
el vidente sinopsis ruth vidente acierta marcos vidente de jacarei como llegar a ser vidente vidente mas fiable vidente natural medium unica vidente luciano vidente muy buena gratis vidente rosa cobo videncia amor gratis por email videncia tarot amor cartas de videncia vidente medium real maria duval vidente contactos cristina blanco vidente wikipedia mhoni vidente champions league ruth vidente catalana chat de videncia on line horoscopo videncia tarot gratis mhoni vidente horoscopo fin de semana junio 2017 videncia gratis en el momento encontrar una buena vidente videncia tarot gratis on line vidente rosa maria videncia bola de cristal si o no de alicia galvan vidente tarotista en barcelona que era un vidente en la biblia aida romero vidente tv como puedo ser vidente athenea vidente zaragoza mhoni vidente recetas para quitar brujeria laura rivas vidente biografia lucia vidente de utrera tarot vidente seria vidente maria elena polo persona vidente wikipedia caracteristicas persona vidente estrella santos vidente telefono definicion de vidente segun la biblia vidente argentino cristian latina tarot videncia gratis vidente sevilla gratis mhoni vidente champions 2017 vidente blanca san antonio alba vidente tarot gratis mhoni vidente amor una buena vidente en madrid videncia on line gratis videncia economica 24 horas vidente buena en madrid
Responder
Pretty element of content. I just stumbled upon your weblog and in accession capital to say that I get actually loved account your weblog posts. Any way I'll be subscribing on your feeds and even I fulfillment you get entry to consistently quickly.
Responder
Heya i am for the first time here. I found this board and I find It really useful & it helped me out a lot. I hope to give something back and aid others like you helped me.
Responder
Colócalo en la mesa junto al primer ocho que revelaste.
Responder
Haz click en 'CONFIRMAR'. Los formularios oficiales.
Responder
Hello there, I discovered your web site by the use of Google whilst looking for a related subject, your web site came up, it seems great. I've bookmarked it in my google bookmarks. Hello there, just became aware of your weblog via Google, and found that it's really informative. I am going to watch out for brussels. I will be grateful for those who proceed this in future. Lots of other people can be benefited out of your writing. Cheers!
Responder
Magnificent goods from you, man. I have understand your stuff previous to and you're just extremely fantastic. I really like what you have acquired here, really like what you're stating and the way in which you say it. You make it entertaining and you still take care of to keep it smart. I can not wait to read much more from you. This is actually a wonderful site.
Responder
I've been surfing online more than nine hours today for calgary painters & LA CUESTIN SOCIAL EN CHILE (1880-1920), yet I never found any interesting article like yours. It is pretty worth enough for me. In my view, if all site owners and bloggers made good content as you did, the web will be a lot more useful than ever before.
Responder
I have been exploring for a little bit for any high quality articles or weblog posts in this kind of space . Exploring in Yahoo I ultimately stumbled upon this website. Studying this information So i am glad to convey that I have an incredibly excellent uncanny feeling I discovered exactly what I needed. I so much undoubtedly will make sure to do not overlook this web site and give it a look on a continuing basis.
Responder
Hello! I just wanted to ask if you ever have any trouble with hackers? My last blog (wordpress) was hacked and I ended up losing several weeks of hard work due to no data backup. Do you have any methods to prevent hackers?
Responder
This site was... how do you say it? Relevant!! Finally I have found something which helped me. Kudos!
Responder
It appears to do the majority of its feeding on the ground.
Responder
Wow that was odd. I just wrote an really long comment but after I clicked submit my comment didn't appear. Grrrr... well I'm not writing all that over again. Regardless, just wanted to say fantastic blog!
Responder
Keep on writing, great job!
Responder
Thanks for ones marvelous posting! I certainly enjoyed reading it, you happen to be a great author.I will ensure that I bookmark your blog and will often come back very soon. I want to encourage you to definitely continue your great writing, have a nice evening!
Responder
No importa si las pones en minúscula mayúscula.
Responder
Everyone loves what you guys are up too. Such clever work and reporting! Keep up the terrific works guys I've added you guys to my blogroll.
Responder

Hello!

Responder

Hello!

Responder

Hello!

Responder

Hello!

Responder
I every time used to study piece of writing in news papers but now as I am a user of web thus from now I am using net for posts, thanks to web.
Responder
An impressive share! I've just forwarded this onto a friend who has been conducting a little homework on this. And he in fact bought me dinner simply because I found it for him... lol. So let me reword this.... Thank YOU for the meal!! But yeah, thanks for spending time to discuss this issue here on your web page.
Responder
Hello! I know this is kinda off topic but I was wondering which blog platform are you using for this site? I'm getting tired of Wordpress because I've had problems with hackers and I'm looking at alternatives for another platform. I would be awesome if you could point me in the direction of a good platform.
Responder
Paragraph writing is also a fun, if you be familiar with then you can write or else it is difficult to write.
Responder
Hello there, I do think your website could possibly be having browser compatibility issues. When I take a look at your site in Safari, it looks fine however, when opening in Internet Explorer, it has some overlapping issues. I merely wanted to provide you with a quick heads up! Aside from that, excellent site!
Responder
I been browsing online more than four hours today for calgary stucco painters & LA CUESTIN SOCIAL EN CHILE (1880-1920), yet I never found any interesting article like yours. It's pretty worth enough for me. In my opinion, if all website owners and bloggers made good content as you did, the internet will be much more useful than ever before.
Responder
Hello There. I discovered your weblog the usage of msn. This is an extremely neatly written article. I'll make sure to bookmark it and come back to learn more of your helpful information. Thanks for the post. I will certainly return.
Responder

Escribe un comentario

¿Quieres usar tu foto? - Inicia tu sesión o Regístrate gratis »
Comentarios de este artículo en RSS

Comentarios recientes

Cerrar